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Types Of Microphones That You Should Know

The microphone is the device or a tool that basically converts one form of signal into another. Those two signals are sound signals and electronic signals. Sound vibrations are present in the air that a microphone captures and converts into electric signals. Through the loudspeaker, that audio signal can be heard, which is now amplified.

Microphones are used in a variety of audio recording devices for applications such as communications, music vocals, speaking, and sound recording. Microphones either come with wire along with them, or they will be wireless microphones.

Types Of Microphones

The total types of microphones are 4 in number

  • Dynamic Microphones

The workhorses of the microphone world are dynamic microphones. They’re cheap, long-lasting, and sound great on some of the most common recording sources. Dynamic microphones respond quickly to transients and as a result, they’re ideal for loud sources such as drum kit close mics and guitar and bass cabs.

  • Large-Diaphragm Condenser Microphones

When you think about studio recording microphones, large-diaphragm condenser microphones are typically the first thing that comes to mind. They’re the enormous, elegant, and serious microphones you’ll find in most professional recording studios. Their sensitivity makes them perfect for quiet or dynamic sources, such as vocals.

  • Small-Diaphragm Condenser Microphones

Small Diaphragm Condensers  are the LDC’s smaller and less showy relative. Despite their small size, they’re just as valuable. Small diaphragm condensers feature excellent transient response, an extended top end, and repeatable pickup patterns.

  • Ribbon Microphones

Ribbon microphones create their signal using an ultra-thin ribbon of electro-conductive material hung between the poles of a magnet. The first ribbon patterns were very delicate. The ribbon may be damaged if it is moved improperly or exposed to high SPL.


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